One of the most technically capable terrorist groups in the world, Hizballah is a radical Shia group ideologically inspired by the Iranian revolution. Its goals are the liberation of Jerusalem, the destruction of Israel, and, ultimately, the establishment of a revolutionary Shia Islamic state in Lebanon, modelled after Iran.
Formed in 1982 in response to Israel's invasion of Lebanon, Hizballah carried out some of the most infamous terror attacks of the Lebanese civil war, such as the suicide bombings of the barracks of United States Marines and French paratroopers in Beirut, as well as the hijacking of TWA Flight 847. While all other Lebanese militias disarmed at the end of Lebanon's civil war in 1990, Hizballah continued to fight, waging a guerilla war against Israeli troops stationed in southern Lebanon. Following Israel's withdrawal from Lebanon in 2000, Hizballah attacks against Israeli forces continued, concentrated on the disputed Shebaa Farms area. In 2006, Hizballah provoked Israel's invasion of Lebanon by kidnapping two Israeli soldiers and killing eight others.
Hizballah is a key actor on the Syrian battlefield and has played a substantial role in keeping the regime of President Bashar al-Assad in power. Its contribution is closely coordinated with President Assad’s regime and Iran and includes logistical support, training and advising. The group is also currently operating in Iraq against Daesh.
In May, 2015, a Lebanese man with a Canadian passport was arrested in Cyprus with more than 400 boxes of ammonium nitrate, a fertilizer that, when mixed with other substances, can be used to make explosives. The suspect, identified as Lebanese-Canadian Hussein Bassam Abdallah, has confessed to being a member of Hizballah and was sentenced to six years in prison in June 2015 after he pleaded guilty to all eight charges against him.
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