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Boko Haram (BH) is a Salafist jihadist group which was created in 2002. BH’s ultimate objective is to overthrow the Nigerian government and implement sharia law and the group desires a political system in Nigeria modeled after the Taliban’s in Afghanistan.
The group’s operations include assassinations of political and religious officials, small arms attacks, improvised explosive devices, and suicide bombings. From 2010 to 2012, Boko Haram carried out more than 300 attacks, which killed 1,000 people.
In 2014, BH overtook Daesh to become the most deadly terrorist group in the world. During that year, deaths attributed to BH increased by 317 per cent to 6,644 deaths since its inception.
In April 2014, BH successfully kidnapped a Canadian nun and two Italian priests, in Cameroon. The trio was later set free in exchange for the release of more BH arms traffickers imprisoned in Cameroon. Later the same month, BH raided a school in the town of Chibok, killing two security guards, kidnapping 276 female students, and torching 170 nearby residences and later declared that the girls should not have been in school in the first place, but rather should get married.
In early 2015, BH pledged allegiance to the leader of Daesh, Abu Bakr al Baghdadi. Later that year, on November 27, 2015, a BH suicide bomber killed at least 21 people after blowing himself up among crowds at a Shia Muslim procession outside the city of Kano, Nigeria.
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